Botswana - national flag
Botswana - National Flag, Flag was adopted in 1966. The blue color symbolizes
water which is vital to the country. Inspired by the zebra's skins, the
white-black-and-white stripe is an expression of the desire to build a community
of equal opportunities for people of all races.
What does the flag of Botswana look like? Follow this link, then you will
see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Botswana - history
Botswana - history, the San people are the original population of Botswana,
but it has hardly at any time constituted a numerous group. After the Bantu
people of Tswana, as part of the dramatic population shifts during the Zulu
kingdom's expansion in the 1820's, were driven from its lands in the areas
around present-day Johannesburg in South Africa, it came to form the main
population group. From the early 1820's British missionaries from the London
Missionary Society were active in the area. In the 1830's, British interests
were threatened by farmers from the Natal Province who, during their big trek,
created two small Boer republics, Stellalandand Goshen, just south of Botswana's
current border along the Molopo River. The republics only existed for a short
time and the British missionaries, including David Livingstone, continued their
business. In 1885, the area south of the Molopo River was interpreted as the
crown colony of British Bechuanaland, while much of the present Botswana became
the Bechuanaland Protectorate. Cecil Rhodes and his British South Africa Company
tried to obtain the rights to the protectorate, but failed. because a delegation
of area chiefs traveled to Britain and successfully agitated against the plans.
The abstinence movement was a powerful factor in what was then Britain, and one
of the chiefs 'arguments was the ban on alcohol which was part of the
missionaries' achievements in the area.
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In practice, Bechuanaland was administered as part of South Africa and was of
no interest to the colonial power, as no products or resources of interest were
found in the nearly populous area. Thus, Mafeking (Mafikeng), located in South
Africa, was the capital of Bechuanaland right up to independence. During both
world wars, troops from Bechuanaland served on the British side, and large parts
of the male labor force worked in South Africa; Outside impressions led to
slowly beginning political and social changes.
The transition to independence in 1966 proceeded peacefully; The Botswana
Democratic Party (BDP) with Seretse Khama in the lead won the election and Khama
was president until his death in 1980, after which he was replaced by Quett
Masire. Among other things. Due to the rising revenues from diamond production,
BDP managed to maintain a very independent political course despite the
continued close ties with South Africa. Botswana was one of the main forces in
the so-called frontline states that supported the fight against apartheid, and
the country offered shelter to refugees from South Africa and from Rhodesia (now
Zimbabwe), where the white minority remained in power until 1980. In the early
1990's, BDP's power slowly began to crumble; the party has its roots in the
traditional peasant society, and with the increasing prosperity and
urbanization, more radical forces seem to be strengthened in Botswana's
continued democratic and economic development. Despite dwindling support, BDP
managed to win 52% of the votes cast in the 2004 elections. Party leader Festus
Gontebanye Mogae (b. 1939), who took office as president in 1998 when Quett
Masire resigned, was then automatically re-elected as president. In 2008, he was
replaced by the presidential post of Seretse Khama Ian Khama (b. 1953), the son
of Seretse Khama.