Burkina Faso - national flag
Burkina Faso - National Flag, The original flag with a black, white and red
horizontal stripe was replaced in 1984 with a flag of the Pan-African colors. In
Burkina Faso's case, red is associated with the bloodshed during the revolution
and more generally with the sacrifices the people brought; green is associated
with the fertility of the earth, and the yellow star symbolizes the revolution.
What does the flag of Burkina Faso look like? Follow this link, then you
will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this
Burkina Faso - movie
Burkina Faso - History, The first of the identifiable residents of Burkina
Faso were the people bobo, lobi and gurunsi, and some of West Africa's oldest
kingdoms from 1000-t. can be traced to the area. During the spread
of Islam between the 1300's and the 1500's. a number of mossy and gourd marriages
occurred in the eastern and central parts of the country, the mossic
kingdoms of Yatenga and Ouagadougou, who were resistant to the West African
great powers Malis and Songhai's expansion.
Only with the French colonial conquest of 1895-97 did Yatenga and Gurma
become subject to foreign rule. The area became a protectorate under the name of
Upper Volta (Haute Volta); however, the lobi resisted until 1903. The Upper
Volta was part of French Sudan (Mali) from 1904-19, then administered as its
own colony in 1919-32 and then divided between the French colonies of French
Sudan, Niger and Ivory Coast. After World War II, the colony was reconstituted
and, from 1949, administered as overseas territory under the French Union.
At the same time, a Burmese nationalism arose under the leadership of Maurice
Yaméogo, and when the country gained independence on 5 August 1960, he became
president. Yaméogo's corrupt and dictatorial rule became a disappointment, and
in a 1966 uprising, Sangoulé Lamizana took power. In 1980, drought and famine
contributed to his fall.
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Several coups over a few years brought no clarification, but in August 1983,
the popular Thomas Sankara took power and implemented a series of socialist
reforms, inspired by Ghanaian leader Jerry Rawlings. In 1984, Sankara renamed
the country to Burkina Faso. Disagreement about the role of trade unions led to
a dispute between Sankara and Blaise Compaoré, who in 1987 was behind a coup
d'état; including Sankara was shot.
Following political turmoil and democratization demands, a new constitution
was passed by referendum in 1991. Disagreement over the democratization process
led to the opposition boycott of the December 1991 presidential election, and
Compaoré was therefore re-elected as the only candidate. In May 1992, a total of
27 parties took part in a legislative assembly. The Compaores Party,
Organization for the Democracy Popular/Movement du travail (DDP/MT),
achieved a significant majority and Youssouf Quédraogo was appointed prime
minister. In 1992-93, the World Bank's structural adjustment program contributed
to social unrest, and after a dramatic devaluation in March 1994, Quédraogo had
to step down in favor of Roch March Christian Kaboré; social unrest continued to
characterize the country in the mid-1990's.
Political instability continued into the second half of the 1990's. In 1995,
Parliament was given a second chamber of 178 members, 114 of whom are elected by
the country's traditional and religious authorities and the remaining by the
government. A 1997 parliamentary election further strengthened the ruling
party. A 1998 murder of a critical journalist led to social unrest and extensive
demonstrations. It is alleged that extensive human rights violations are taking
place in Burkina Faso, murder of suspects of crime and that the country was
involved in smuggling diamonds from rebels in Sierra Leone.
Blaise Compaoré was re-elected President in 1998; the election was boycotted
by the opposition. The constitution's provision that the president be elected
for seven years and can only be re-elected once was changed in 2000. Thus, in
2005, Compaoré could be elected president for the third time with a full 80% of
the vote, now for a five-year term. In 2010, he won for the fourth time the
presidential post. Ivorian accusations that Burkina Faso is supporting rebels in
the northern Ivory Coast are being rejected by the Burkins.
Violent rain and floods in 2007 affected parts of Africa, including Burkina
Faso, with major devastation. In 2011 and again in 2012, there were several
riots and popular protests over controlled and rising food prices.
After 27 years in power, in October 2014, Compaoré had to resign as president
after fierce demonstrations against his government, trying to change the
constitution so that he could continue in office. The military took power in the
country and Compaoré fled the country. Michel Kafando became interim president
until October 2015 elections.