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Central African Republic History

Central African Republic - national flagCentral African Republic - national flag

Central African Republic - National Flag, The flag was adopted in 1958 and unites the blue, white and red colors of the French tricolor with the Pan-African green, yellow and red as an expression of the desire for harmony and cooperation between the former colonial power and the Central African Republic. Moreover, blue freedom symbolizes white equality and purity, green hope, yellow tolerance and red unity, and the nation's heroes. The star symbolizes the hope of African unity.

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Central African Republic - History

Central African Republic - history, Missing sources make history before approximately 1800 uncertain; possibly parts of the area were subject to the Gao Empire in the 1500's. Arab merchants' constant slave hunting decreased in the 1500-1700-t. the population considerably; In the year 1800 alone, 20,000 Central African slaves were sold in Egypt.

The current population settled in the area in the 1800's. France established a checkpoint in Bangui in 1889, but it was not until 1910 that the French gained control of Oubangui-Chari, as the area was called. The colony was divided into a number of concession areas and forced labor was introduced. Later, the area became part of French Equatorial Africa, and from 1946-58 it became part of the French Union. Barthélemy Boganda (1910-59) was elected to the French National Assembly and demanded political and economic rights for the people of the Central African Republic, but was killed in 1959, possibly under French involvement. On August 13, 1960, the Central African Republic became independent with the French-friendly David Dackoas president; soon after, the republic was declared a one-party state. Army Chief Jean-Bedel Bokassa took power in a coup on January 1, 1966 and created in 1976 the Central African Empire. Initially, France continued to support Bokassa's corrupt and cruel government, but broke down after 1979 with intense pressure and inaugurated Dacko as president. In 1981, General André Kolingba took power, but it was not until 1991 that the one-party state was abolished. Ange-Félix Patassé won the 1993 presidential election and his party, the MLPC, became the largest in the National Assembly.

Central African Republic History

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The country's already weak economy was hit by rising oil prices around 2000, civil war in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo and unrest in Congo (Brazzaville), which led to foreign trade having to be converted to land transport through Cameroon. Lumber production declined and gasoline costs in particular rose sharply.

Patassé was re-elected in 1999. A coup attempt in May 2001, led by André Kolingba, was turned down. Army Chief François Bozize was suspected of being involved in the coup attempt, and later in the year he clearly emerged as the leader of a rebel movement. In 2003, the rebels seized the capital and Bozize assumed power in the country. The following year, a new constitution was drafted and adopted by a referendum. In 2005, presidential elections, which Bozize won, were held. However, the government has no control over the entire country, and especially the northwestern ones have been plagued by unrest and lawlessness. At the 2011 presidential election, Bozize regained the post.

In March 2013, a rebel coalition, called Seleka, conducted a bloody coup d'état; Bozize managed to escape from the country. The rebel leader Michel Djotodia has appointed himself president, dissolved parliament and put the constitution out of order. According to Djotodia, elections will be held in 2016. Since the coup, violence and fighting between rival militias have characterized the country; in December 2013, the UN Security Council decided to deploy French soldiers to curb the violence. It is assumed that approximately a fifth of the population has fled the country. In January 2014, President Djotidia was forced to resign following pressure from the surrounding countries, including Chad President Idriss Déby. In August 2014, Mahamat Kanoun became the head of a transitional government, but the unrest continued. The UN took over from September. the leadership of the peacekeeping African forces in the country.

 

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