Guinea-Bissau - national flag
Guinea-Bissau - National Flag, The flag was first raised by the Declaration
of Independence in 1973. It is identical to the 1961 Liberation Movement flag
except that it had the initials of the movement under the star, which represents
Africa and its black population. The colors are the Pan-African: red for the
struggle of the people, yellow for the Sun, and green for hope for the future as
well as the nature of the country.
What does the flag of
Guinea-Bissau look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in
PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Guinea-Bissau - history
Guinea-Bissau - history, Guinea-Bissau's earliest history is virtually
unknown, but it is believed that Balante and other tribes settled in
the area in the 1100's. In 1446, the Portuguese slave trader Nuno Tristão arrived
in the region, which later became a center for slave trade. It was not until
1879 that the area became a separate colony under the name of Portuguese
Guinea. However, only in 1915 did the Portuguese succeed in gaining control of
the whole country; in 1951, the status of Portuguese Guinea was changed to
In 1956, the PAIGC liberation movement was formed, which, after armed clashes
with the colonial power, was banned in 1959. Then, PAIGC launched an actual
guerrilla fight and gained so much control in the early 1970's that the country
could be declared independent under the name Guinea-Bissau on 25 September 1973.
. On 2/11 that year, the UN General Assembly called on Portugal to recognize its
independence, but only after the fall of fascism in Portugal in 1974 did this
recognition take place. Guinea-Bissau then became a member of the United Nations
on September 17, 1974. PAIGC formed government with the movement's leader, Luís
Cabral, as president. He sought to transform the country into a socialist
state. close relations with the Soviet Union.
Attempts to preserve Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde as one state failed and
were completely abandoned when Cabral was overthrown in a military coup in 1980
and replaced by former Prime Minister Brigadier General João Bernardo Vieira. In
1987 he switched to market economy policy. Vieira was re-elected president in
1984, 1989 and 1994. In 1998, large parts of the army revolted against Vieira,
and there was fierce fighting in many parts of the country, especially in the
capital. The conflict created about 400,000 internal refugees. The war ended in
November of that year. In 1999, Vieira was overthrown by a military coup. In the
1999-2000 elections, Kumba Ialá (b. 1954) won the presidential post. Ialá was
ousted by a bloodless military coup in 2003 and a transitional government was
deployed. At the 2005 election, Vieira regained the presidential post, but he
failed to create political stability.
In 2009, Viera was shot by soldiers after a period of serious tension between
the political leadership and the military. Later in the year Malam Bacai Sandha
was deployed (1947-2012). He died of illness in January 2012 and the country
again experienced unrest. In April 2012, another military coup took place, with
soldiers toppling the government and arresting Prime Minister Carlos Gomes and
several politicians. The coup happened two weeks after the first round of the
presidential election, in which Gomes had won, a result that the opposition
considered fraud. National Assembly President Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo was
inaugurated as interim president.