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Guinea-Bissau History

Guinea-Bissau - national flagGuinea-Bissau - national flag

Guinea-Bissau - National Flag, The flag was first raised by the Declaration of Independence in 1973. It is identical to the 1961 Liberation Movement flag except that it had the initials of the movement under the star, which represents Africa and its black population. The colors are the Pan-African: red for the struggle of the people, yellow for the Sun, and green for hope for the future as well as the nature of the country.

  • Countryaah: What does the flag of Guinea-Bissau look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.

Guinea-Bissau - history

Guinea-Bissau - history, Guinea-Bissau's earliest history is virtually unknown, but it is believed that Balante and other tribes settled in the area in the 1100's. In 1446, the Portuguese slave trader Nuno Tristão arrived in the region, which later became a center for slave trade. It was not until 1879 that the area became a separate colony under the name of Portuguese Guinea. However, only in 1915 did the Portuguese succeed in gaining control of the whole country; in 1951, the status of Portuguese Guinea was changed to overseas province.

In 1956, the PAIGC liberation movement was formed, which, after armed clashes with the colonial power, was banned in 1959. Then, PAIGC launched an actual guerrilla fight and gained so much control in the early 1970's that the country could be declared independent under the name Guinea-Bissau on 25 September 1973. . On 2/11 that year, the UN General Assembly called on Portugal to recognize its independence, but only after the fall of fascism in Portugal in 1974 did this recognition take place. Guinea-Bissau then became a member of the United Nations on September 17, 1974. PAIGC formed government with the movement's leader, Luís Cabral, as president. He sought to transform the country into a socialist state. close relations with the Soviet Union.

Guinea-Bissau History

Attempts to preserve Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde as one state failed and were completely abandoned when Cabral was overthrown in a military coup in 1980 and replaced by former Prime Minister Brigadier General João Bernardo Vieira. In 1987 he switched to market economy policy. Vieira was re-elected president in 1984, 1989 and 1994. In 1998, large parts of the army revolted against Vieira, and there was fierce fighting in many parts of the country, especially in the capital. The conflict created about 400,000 internal refugees. The war ended in November of that year. In 1999, Vieira was overthrown by a military coup. In the 1999-2000 elections, Kumba Ialá (b. 1954) won the presidential post. Ialá was ousted by a bloodless military coup in 2003 and a transitional government was deployed. At the 2005 election, Vieira regained the presidential post, but he failed to create political stability.

In 2009, Viera was shot by soldiers after a period of serious tension between the political leadership and the military. Later in the year Malam Bacai Sandha was deployed (1947-2012). He died of illness in January 2012 and the country again experienced unrest. In April 2012, another military coup took place, with soldiers toppling the government and arresting Prime Minister Carlos Gomes and several politicians. The coup happened two weeks after the first round of the presidential election, in which Gomes had won, a result that the opposition considered fraud. National Assembly President Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo was inaugurated as interim president.

 

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