Jamaica - national flag
Jamaica's national flag was first adopted and hoisted at the country's
independence in 1962. The colors of the flag have no political significance; the
green symbolizes the future and the country's agriculture, the yellow natural
riches and the beauty of sunlight, and the black the past and present burdens
that the country must bear.
What does the flag of Jamaica look like? Follow this link, then you will see
the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Jamaica - History
When Columbus arrived in Jamaica in 1494, he declared the island Spanish
property and named it Santiago. The island was then inhabited by Arawak
Indians. In 1655, the British conquered Jamaica, which then remained part of the
British Empire for 300 years.
The island developed during the 1600's. to one of the main areas of piracy in
the Caribbean. In 1672, The Royal African Company was established, the pirates
were put out, and a large-scale import of African slaves began. Jamaica quickly
became one of the largest centers of the slave trade in the world, and the
island was transformed into a plantation community with a slave-based sugar
AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in the world,
such as JAM which represents the official name of Jamaica.
France and Spain tried several times to conquer Jamaica; the last attempt
took place in 1806. Until the abolition of slavery at the end of 1833, runaway
slaves, so-called maroons, waged several protracted wars against the
British, and in 1865 a major uprising took place. After several uprisings in the
1930's, trade unions and political parties were formed, and the demand for
- Songaah: See
song and lyrics about Jamaica
In 1958-62, the island joined the West Indies Federation with a view to
establishing a common state with other British territories, but on August 6,
1962, Jamaica became an independent state within the Commonwealth alone with
Alexander Bustamante (1884-1977) of the Jamaica Labor Party (JLP).) as Prime
Minister. In 1972, the People's National Party (PNP) won the election, after
which Michael Manley became Prime Minister. The PNP is social democratic with a
clear bourgeois turn, and Michael Manley promised greater popular participation
in political life and the introduction of a socialist democracy.
In 1980, the JLP took power again, and Edward Seaga (b. 1930) became head of
government. He broke with Cuba and forged close ties with
the Reagan administration in the United States. Jamaica became a key country for
the United States in the Caribbean and received massive financial support from
the International Monetary Fund, USAID and the World Bank.
Jamaica played a leading role in the 1983 invasion of Grenada and
participated with the largest Caribbean troop contingent. During the same
period, the country played a growing role in cocaine smuggling between South and
North America, and in connection with this, crime grew. In 1989, Manley regained
power, and the following year, diplomatic relations with Cuba were
||Hugh Lawson Shearer
||Percival J. Patterson
Under a stable and democratic surface, Jamaica was plagued in the 1990's by
violent gangs and an extremely high homicide rate that threatened the country's
important tourism industry. Out of 1138 homicides in 2001, police had 145 on
conscience. Half of the murders were committed by warring drug gangs with close
ties to the country's two major parties; the police solved only a small part of
the murder cases.
In 1992, due to Manley's illness, the post of Prime Minister passed to PJ
Patterson (b. 1935) from the PNP, who also won the 1993, 1997 and 2002
elections., but to a lesser extent the desired growth in the country.
Chronic unemployment of over 15% and widespread poverty are helping to
perpetuate tensions. On the positive side, however, according to UNESCO, Jamaica
was the best of 89 developing countries in the fight against illiteracy; in
1999, the proportion of illiterates was only 13.6%.
In 2006, Portia Simpson-Miller (b. 1945) took over from the Peoples National
Party as the first woman prime minister, but as early as 2007 she had to hand it
over by a narrow margin to Bruce Golding (b. 1947) of the JLP.
Jamaica has major problems with crime, especially drug-related crime, and the
country has one of the highest murder rates in the world. In 2010, an action was
taken to arrest a gang leader, Christopher "Dudus" Coke (b. 1969). The action,
however, led to widespread unrest in Kingston, in which more than 70 people
perished. The political consequence was that Golding resigned in 2011, and later
that year, Portia Simpson-Miller became prime minister again. She has been an
advocate since 2012 for Jamaica to break ties with Britain and become a