Paraguay - national flag
The flag was officially adopted in 1842 on the basis of a flag from 1812, and
the colors are probably inspired by the French tricolor. The flag is the only
one in the world with a different front and back. On the front is the state
emblem from 1842, on the back the Ministry of Finance's seal with lion, "freedom
hat" and the motto peace and justice.
What does the flag of Paraguay look like? Follow this link, then you will
see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Paraguay - history
Before Europeans came to the area, the land between the Paraguay and Paraná
rivers was inhabited by the Guaraní Indians, a partly nomadic warrior people
who lived by agriculture, hunting and fishing. The first Spaniards arrived in
The colonial era
Domingo Martínez de Irala founded the first settlements in
1536-56. Asunción became the most important city in southeastern South America,
and from here departed the expeditions that founded Argentine cities such as
Corrientes, Santa Fé and Buenos Aires.
In the southeastern part of Paraguay, the Jesuits divided the indigenous
population into 32 villages that served as religious and economic centers. This
social experiment lasted for approximately 150 years, but in 1767 the Jesuits were
exiled after conflicts with the Spanish and Portuguese colonial masters. In
1776, the Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata, the capital of Buenos Aires, was
founded, and Paraguay, part of the Viceroyalty, lost importance.
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Independence and development in the 1800's.
In 1810, Paraguay refused to be subject to the newly formed independent
government of Argentina, and on May 14, 1811, the country declared independence.
After a period of anarchy and unrest, José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia took
power in 1813 and ruled the country until his death in 1840. During his tenure,
Paraguay sought to become self-sufficient and isolated from neighboring
countries. Francia confiscated lands and fortunes from the upper class and let
them pass to the state.
In 1844, Carlos Antonio López was appointed president. He continued the
policy of his predecessor until approximately 90% of all land was owned by the
state. The creation of state-owned enterprises, the strengthening of education
and a general modernization were accompanied by a strengthening of the
military-industrial complex, which was due to the fact that the country felt
threatened by both Argentina and Brazil.
In 1862, Francisco Solano López succeeded his father in the
presidency. 1865-70 Paraguay was at war with the Triple Alliance Brazil,
Argentina and Uruguay. The war, which became one of Latin America's bloodiest,
devastated the country: Out of a population in Paraguay of approximately 520,000
survived approximately 221,000, of which approximately 29,000 men.
In 1887, General Bernardino Caballero (1840-1912) founded the Colorado
Party. The opposition described itself as los Liberales, and until
approximately In 1900, political ideologies were diffuse. Contrary to Colorado's basic
ideas, in 1876-1904 it sold land and state-owned enterprises abroad to cover the
state's expenses, which laid the groundwork for the widespread large-scale
operation of Paraguay (see latifundio).
1900's and 2000's.
In 1932-35, the Chaco War was fought against Bolivia, which Paraguay won.
From 1936 began a politically turbulent time with a series of coups and a
short-lived civil war. In 1954, General Alfredo Stroessner seized power in a
coup supported by Colorado and the Army, and pursued a highly oppressive
policy. The first multi-party election was held in 1963; Stroessner won by
election fraud and remained in power until 1989. His reign was marked by great
economic progress, supported by the United States and Brazil.
|Heads of State in Committees
||José Félix Estigarribia
||Juan Carlos Wasmosy
||Raúl Cubas Grau
||Luis González Macchi
||Nicanor Duarte Frutos
||Fernando Lugo Mendéz
In February 1989, Stroessner was deposed by a group of officers led by
Generals Lino Oviedo (b. 1943) and Andrés Rodríguez.; the latter took over the
presidency. Since 1993, Paraguay has undergone a not entirely trouble-free
democratic process; In 1993 and 1998, free and democratic elections were held,
both of which allowed the Colorado Party to retain power. When General Oviedo,
now Commander-in-Chief, attempted a military coup in 1996, internal divisions
arose; first, Oviedo was made a presidential candidate, then sentenced to ten
years in prison for coup attempts. The president later granted him an amnesty,
after which the Supreme Court tried to imprison him. The fight culminated in
1999 when the vice president was assassinated and both the president and Oviedo
fled the country. Senate President Luis Angel González (b. 1947) was made
President until 2003, but the opposition captured the Vice Presidential election
in 2000. At the same time, the country's economic crisis intensified. The 2003
presidential election was won by Nicanor Duarte Frutos of the Colorado
Party. From 2003, it was possible to turn economic development around to modest
growth. In 2008 came the historic shift in power, with the Colorado Party
finally having to relinquish power when the presidential election was won by the
former bishopFernando Lugo. The election of him was an expression of a
political left turn of the country, although he himself denies being
left-leaning. However, Lugo did not succeed in carrying out the land reforms he
had promised; The Colorado Party still had great influence in Congress and could
block such initiatives.
Lugo was deposed in coup-like circumstances in 2012. He had been criticized
for his handling of a conflict between landless and police that cost 17 people
their lives. A federal court forced Lugo to resign. The move was heavily
criticized by neighboring countries, and Paraguay was temporarily suspended from
the MERCOSUR trade bloc. In the 2013 presidential election, the Colorado Party
succeeded in regaining power when its candidate, the rich man Horacio Cartes,