Congo - national flag
Congo National Flag, The Flag was adopted in 1959. The
three Pan-African colors, green, yellow and red, used in diagonal stripes are
used to separate the flag from the flags of other African states with the same
colors. 1969-91, the Marxist-Leninist government used a red flag with star,
hammer and pick.
What does the flag of Republic of
the Congo look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG
format and flag meaning description about this country.
Congo history, the Pygmies are probably Congo's original residents, but few
and uncertain testimonies from the earliest history are known. The Bantu people
immigrated from approximately 1300-t. and established significant kingdoms; most
important, the Kingdom, had its center in present-day Angola.
Even before the arrival of the Portuguese around 1500, several of the
kingdoms participated in slave hunts, and the Portuguese established trade
contacts with them without proper colonization. Téke and Loango were most
important among the small coastal kingdoms that mediated the slave trade. In the
next almost 400 years, an estimated 10-15 million were carried out. slaves from
this part of Central Africa.
From the mid-1800's. the European interest also included rubber and palm oil,
and the first French trading houses were awarded contracts with Téke and Loango
shortly after Savorgnan de Brazza's great voyage of discovery in 1875-78. French
interests on the coast were secured in a race with the English, for whom HM
Stanley had explored the whole Congo River at the same time.
||Alphonse Massamba debate
||Denis Sasson Nguesso
The French Congo colony was established in 1891 and the area was quickly
transferred to private concessions. In 1910, Congo was joined by Gabon and the
present Central African Republic to French Equatorial Africa. The entire area
was left to private interests operating in free lawlessness, and developments in
French Equatorial Africa are among the darkest chapters in colonial history. It
is estimated that more than 90% of the original population was exterminated
1898-1930 when concession policy was completed.
Several appalling reports of the colonial exiles reached France and caused
great resurrection. The government sent de Brazza to the Congo to investigate
the situation, but he died on the way back in 1905 without reporting, and
history is forgotten. It was not until 1946 that the right to arbitrary
discharge of forced labor was abolished, which was one of the main causes of the
fatal development in the country.
The brutal colonial history led, among other things, that after the
independence in 1960, the Congo was marked by strongly anti-colonialist and
revolutionary movements. The first French inmate, Fulbert Youlou, was ousted
after extensive riots in August 1963, and the following years were marked by
Marxist-Leninist governments orienting the country toward the Soviet Union and
Since 1989, political development has been less marked by ideology and
principles than by practical development and international cooperation. with
France. The country's significant and rising oil production has obviously
contributed to this. In 1992, the country's first democratic presidential
election, which was won by Pascal Lissouba (b. 1931), was held.
In 1997, after years of political turmoil, the country was thrown into a
civil war, culminating in the former president, Denis Sassou-Nguesso, with the
help of Angolan troops carrying out a coup and ousting the president. In the
following years, the country moved on the brink of civil war. Especially in the
spring of 1999 there were many fights.
The main opponents were three militia: the president's militia, called Cobra,
the former president of Lissouba's militia, called Zulu/Cocoye, and a third
militia, Ninjas. The fighting took place especially around the
capital, Brazzaville. In March 2002, a multi-party and presidential election,
which Sassou-Nguesso won with approximately 90% of the votes. However, two of his main
opponents were not allowed to stand. Immediately after the election, the
fighting broke out again, and the following year peace talks were quiet. They
were resumed in 2004, when the parties entered into a ceasefire. However, the
peace process was only slow.
The Civil War cost tens of thousands of dead, and in 1997 it forced 800,000
to leave their homes. The country's economic development stopped, the railroad
between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire was out of service, and the utilization of
the country's forest resources stopped. However, offshore oil production
In 2009, Sassou-Nguesso was re-elected for another seven-year term; however,
the opposition boycotted the election.