Rwanda - national flag
Rwanda - National Flag, The flag was introduced last day in 2001. It must
represent national unity after the 1994 genocide. Therefore, there is nothing
red and black in the flag as these colors are too reminiscent of blood and
sorrow. Green stands for hope and prosperity, yellow for wealth, and light blue
symbolizes happiness and peace. The sun and its golden rays stand for the light
that guides all the people; they also symbolize unity and the fight against
What does the flag of Rwanda look like? Follow this link, then you will see
the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Rwanda (History), The area was first inhabited by twee, pygmies who
lived as hunters and collectors. Later the Hutu immigrated, and about
1300-h. followed the first of the Tutsi people, as in 1400-t. founded a smaller
kingdom near Kigali. The Tutsis, which partially subjugated the Hutu areas, are
believed to have come from the north.
AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in
the world, such as RWA which represents the official name of Rwanda.
Throughout Rwanda's well-known history, the Hutu people have been in a state
of persuasion, but the highly hierarchical Tutsi empire eventually came to
include most of the country; the Hutus constituted the lower layers of a
feudal-like social system and had to, among other things, perform forced labor
for the Tutsis. Gradually, the concept of hutu came to cover low social status
rather than ethnic affiliation. Thus, poor Tutsis could be termed Hutu, and
powerful Huts Tutsi.
|Kings and Presidents
||Kigeri 4. Rwabugiri
||Kigeri 5. Ndahindurwa
Rwanda and Burundi was recognized by the Berlin Conference 1884-85 as German
sphere of influence and became a province of German East Africa in 1899. Belgium
conquered the area in 1916 and got it after the first World War awarded
as mandated territory under the League of Nations. It was administered under
the name of Ruanda-Urundi as part of the Belgian Congo.
The Belgian colonial authorities and missionaries regarded the Tutsis as a
suitable elite through which to rule the colony. It helped to sharpen the ethnic
divide; the Tutsimonarchy was strengthened and the Hutus discriminated against,
for example, access to education and influence in the administration.
In 1959, the Hutus revolted under the leadership of the late
President Kayibanda, and when the Belgians simultaneously shifted political
course in relation to the two groups, the Tutsi king Kigeri 5. (b. 1938) had to
flee. Thus, during a hut government, the independent republic of Rwanda was
proclaimed in 1962. In connection with the uprising and a failed Tutsi invasion
of Burundi after independence, 10,000-20,000 Tutsis were killed and more than
100,000 fled to neighboring countries.
In 1973, the Hutu General Habyarimana took power by a bloodless coup and
introduced a one-party regime. Externally, his political line with the Tutsis
appeared moderate, and he succeeded in improving relations with the Tutsi regime
in Burundi and with the international community. In 1990, the Tutsidomined FPR,
Rwanda's Patriotic Front, crossed the border from Uganda; The invasion was
fought back by the government army, but was followed by a wave of political
turmoil and violence in Rwanda. The following year, a democratic constitution
was introduced, and peace talks with the FPR were initiated, among other
things. with a view to ensuring the return of the exiles.
In April 1994, however, Habyarimana and Burundi’s president were killed when
their aircraft were shot down outside Kigali. It was the start of a genocide
that was apparently well prepared by leading groups in the government: the UN
estimates that between $ 800,000 and $ 1 million. Tutsis and moderate Hutus were
killed within 100 days, while the UN and the rest of the international community
remained passive. The FPR resumed the fight and in July 1994 was able to take
over the capital and head a new government with Pasteur Bizimungu as
president. The government then initiated a plan to restore democracy in the
country in five years. FPR's offensive sent over $ 2 million. hutus on the run
to neighboring countries Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Tanzania. An
international UN tribunal has been established in Tanzania to carry out genocide
processes, and a similar national court case is ongoing in Rwanda; in 1998,
approximately 120,000 remain incarcerated. Due. internal power struggles, guerrilla
guerrilla attacks in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwandan involvement in
the war together, the government decided to extend the five-year transitional
period by five years.
In 2003, the first democratic elections were held; FPR candidate Paul
Kagame, who had taken over the presidential post in 2000, won by 95% of the
vote. At the simultaneous parliamentary elections, FPR and its allies won 40 out
of 53 seats. The elections marked the end of a nine-year transition period to
full democracy. However, there is still internal and international criticism
that the government does not fully live up to its own democratic goals; there
are doubts about the election result, and it is criticized that opposition
parties and non-governmental civil organizations have been banned, and that
political opponents have been imprisoned. former President Bizimungo. There is
also (2006) no definitive solution with regard to the Hutu militias operating in
the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
In 2009, Rwanda joined The Commonwealth of Nations. In 2010, Kagame regained
the presidential post, gaining over 90% of the vote. Under his leadership,
Rwanda has seen economic progress, but Kagame has also been accused of
suppressing the opposition. Kagame has worked for French to be replaced with
English as the official language of instruction and work; this was adopted in