Suriname - national flag
The flag was officially adopted in 1975. It combines the colors of the
country's political party flags: green for the National Party and fertility, red
for the Hindu party and progress and white for the People's Party, justice and
freedom. The star stands for unity, its yellow color for sacrifice.
What does the flag of Suriname look like? Follow this link, then you will
see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Suriname - history
When the first Europeans arrived in 1500, the area was inhabited by Caribbean
and Arawaks. In the early 1600's. the Dutch set up trading posts on the coast,
but it was not until 1651 that the first permanent settlements were founded by
the British. The area came in 1667 under Holland, which retained control except
1799-1802 and 1804-15, when it was under Great Britain. In the second half of
the 1600's. Hundreds of plantations were laid out and the colony became a major
sugar producer, based on slaves imported from Africa. From the end of the
1600's. established runaway slaves independent communities (see maroons) in the
hard-to-reach hinterland. The Dutch recognized the societies in 1761 and entered
into agreements with several of them: In return for internal self-determination,
future runaway slaves were to be returned to the Dutch. Slavery was abolished in
1863, after which thousands of contract workers were imported from India and
Java in particular.
AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in
the world, such as SUR which represents the official name of Suriname.
||Johan HE Ferrier
||Hendrik Chin A Sen
||Lachmipersad Fred Ramdat-Misier
||Runaldo R. Venetian
||Runaldo R. Venetian
After World War II, the first political parties were formed, mainly based on
ethnicity. Suriname gained autonomy in 1954. After independence in 1975, more
than 10% of the population left the country despite massive financial support
from the Netherlands. An alliance of parties representing the Creoles and the
Indian population held power until 1980, when the military, led by Dési
Bouterse,took power in a coup. From 1986, Suriname's Liberation Army (SLA),
which found support in various groups of maroons, waged guerrilla warfare
against the regime. Suriname got a new constitution in 1987, and a civilian
government came to power; however, civil war-like conditions prevailed until
1992, when an agreement with the SLA came into being. In 1996, Jules Wijdenbosch
(b. 1941) from the Bouterse National Democratic Party was elected president.
In the late 1990's, President Jules Wijdenbosch (b. 1941) and his adviser, the
former dictator of the country, Dési Bouterse, became unpopular due to renewed
crisis and corruption. Bouterse was sentenced in 1999 by a Dutch court to 11
years in prison for cocaine trafficking, a sentence that did not deprive him of
his liberty, but which to some extent stabbed him. With Ronald Venetiaan (b.
1936) as the leader from 2000 of a coalition government of the Labor Party and
the large ethnic groups of blacks, Indians and Indonesians, Suriname achieved
for the first time the predicate "free country". However, the country remains
dependent on the assistance of the former colonial power Holland. President
Venetiaan was re-elected in 2005. Economic policy focused on getting the economy
back on track; the precautions, which included government cuts and tax
increases; the policy was not popular, but inflation came under control and the
economic situation improved. In 2010, former dictator Desiré Bouterse won the
presidential election, leading to tensions in relations with the Netherlands.
In 2004, the UN set up a tribunal to decide a border issue with French Guiana
regarding. an ocean area where the subsoil may contain oil.