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United Arab Emirates History

United Arab Emirates - national flagUnited Arab Emirates - national flag

The flag was adopted in 1971 and is based on the Arab Revolution flag, created by young Arabs who fought against the Turks in 1917. The green, black and white color make up the later pan-Arab colors. To them came the red color, which was shariffen of Mecca color. The red stripe should also be reminiscent of the main color of the seven flags of the seven emirates.

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United Arab Emirates - History

Traces of settlement have been found from 2000-BC. near Abu Dhabi and also Hellenistic ruins in Sharjah. In 635, the Islamic conquest of the Arabian Peninsula was completed at the Battle of Dibba on the north coast of Fujairah.

In the 1500's. was the Persian Gulf subject of growing European interest by the sea route around Africa had been discovered. At first the Portuguese established themselves in the area, then the Dutch tried, but from the beginning of the 1700's. it was clear that it was the British who were to influence the development. Through the 1800's. the United Kingdom expanded a network of agreements with leading sheiks throughout the Gulf region. The agreements ensured, among other things, that the individual rulers were not allowed to enter into agreements with other European powers without British approval.

When Britain finally had to withdraw from the Gulf in the late 1960's, the British government initiated negotiations between the sheikhs in the southern part of the Gulf with a view to establishing a united state, and this led to the creation of the United Arab Emirates in December 1971. Bahrain and Qatar chose to stay out of the new federal state.

The United Arab Emirates became a member of the Arab League and the United Nations and in 1981 also co-founded the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

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The Emirates has undergone a development towards greater and greater centralization in the economic and political field, but no measures have been implemented to ensure greater participation of the population. In 1990, they joined the international alliance against Iraq's occupation of Kuwait. Abu Dhabiand Dubai developed their banking and finance system in the 1990's in an attempt to attract foreign investment. For that reason, after September 11, 2001, the banks of the Emirates came under US scrutiny to allow transfers to accounts used to finance international terrorism, and very large sums were frozen at US request. Following the invasion of Iraq in March 2003, the United States has decided to expand its bases in the United Arab Emirates and correspondingly reduce its military presence in Saudi Arabia. Sheik Za'id, who in 1971 had been one of the initiators of the establishment of the new state, died in 2004 and was succeeded as president of the emirates by his son Khalifa ibn Za'id (b. 1948).

United Arab Emirates History

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