Vatican City State - National Flag
The flag was officially hoisted in 1929. Yellow and white, which
in heraldry denote gold and silver, are the colors of St. Peter's keys; they
were elected in 1808 as the colors of the Church State. The colors originated
from the papal cockades, which had previously been red and yellow. Red is the
color of the Roman Church. The papal insignia, crossed keys and tiara, date from
What does the flag of Vatican look like? Follow this link, then you will see
the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Vatican City State - Mass Media
The Vatican's official daily is the Italian-language L'Osservatore Romano,
founded in 1861; weekly issues come in other languages. The newspaper expresses
the official views of the Vatican.
The Vatican's radio station, founded in 1931 by the Jesuit order, broadcasts
news and religious programs in 34 languages.
The Vatican has its own press service.
Vatican City State - History
When Rome became the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy in 1870, the Church
State ceased to exist. As early as 1871, the new Italian state sought to
formalize the church's new, reduced status with the so-called Legge delle
Guarentigie 'Guarantee Act', which recognized the inviolability of the pope
and the right of disposal over St. Peter's Church with adjoining palaces, the
Lateran and the summer residence of Castel Gandolfo. Pius IX refused to sign,
which, however, did not prevent the Italian State from implementing a unilateral
recognition until relations were normalized with the conclusion of the Lateran
Settlement.in 1929 and the formal establishment of the Vatican City State. The
settlement gave the Vatican City some privileges over Italy, which in the
aftermath of World War II resulted in close ties with the party Democrazia
Cristiana. With the revision of the settlement in 1984, the influence on
political and cultural life was toned down when Catholicism ceased to be the
state religion, see Italy (religion).