Alaska is a mountainous state corresponding to the northwest end of the Rockies. It is divided into three regions. Southern Alaska comprises very high mountains, including the Alaska Range, which culminates at 6,194 m above sea level, at the summit of Mount McKinley, the highest point in North America. These extend to the long southwest on the Alaskan peninsula and the Aléoutiennes islands.
Located on an unstable Telluric area, they are characterized by strong seismic and volcanic activity. The coast is cut out by numerous fjords. Inland Alaska is occupied by a vast central depression, where medium mountains separate wide flat-bottomed valleys, namely the Yukon valley and its delta. Northern Alaska is long formed by the Brooks chain, culminating in more than 2,700 m of altitude, of which the northern slope descends on a gentle slope towards the Arctic plain. Yukon is the main river in Alaska. It crosses the state to the west and launches into the Bering Sea. Its main tributaries are Porcupine, Koyukuk and Tanana. The state is spread over numerous lakes, including Iliamna and Becharof lakes. In the south, the climate is moderated by oceanic influences (abundant rainfall, strong humidity, fog). The climate is continental subarctique to the center and arctic to the north (polar night). Taïga, or boreal forest (conifers), covers inner and southern Alaska. The North is the Toundra domain. The state capital is Juneau, the main city, Anchorage.
The Alaskan economy rests on exploiting natural resources. The state is rich in oil and natural gas (see combustible gases).
The start, in 1977, of the exploration of the vast petroleum fields of Prudhoe Bay, on the coast of the Arctic Ocean, strongly stimulated the local economy. Oil from Prudhoe Bay is piped through Alaska to the port of Valdez, near Anchorage, over the Pacific. The region also has deposits of copper, gold, iron ore, coal and molybdenum. Forest exploitation feeds an important industry (carpentry, cabinetmaking, paper).
Fisheries (crab, black halibut, salmon) and their industrial derivatives (fisheries, canning factories) are equivalent in economic importance to mining. Agriculture is less (greenhouse crops, breeding, potatoes). Tourism is full of development and benefits from the beauty of natural sites and numerous museums, containing collections of indigenous arts.
Search for private schools in Alaska? Here is a directory of K-12 schools in the state of Alaska listed county by county. Please follow the link below to see all private K12 schools in your county of Alaska.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER: What does Alaska short for? Click to see its most commonly used abbreviations and see all other acronyms of Alaska.
- COUNTRYAAH: List of all USPS Zip Codes for the state of Alaska. Includes all cities, counties and county equivalents in Alaska.
Major Cities in Alaska
Anchorage, a port city in southern Alaska. The city has about 279,000 residents, more than 40% of the population of Alaska. It houses, among other things, a military base, a civilian airport and a university. The harbor in the city is, among other things, used as a fishing harbor. Anchorage was founded in 1914.
Fairbanks, a city in the state of Alaska in the United States with about 34,000 residents. He is the main supply center for oil operations in Alaska and also a center for gold mining. The city is the terminus of the Alaska Railroad and the Alaska Highway, and he has a university. Fairbanks was founded as a gold mining town in 1902.
Juneau, the city and capital of the state of Alaska in the United States, on the south coast. It has about 30,000 residents. The fishing and canning industry are important industries, and the city also has many sawmills.
Juneau was founded in 1880, and is the largest city in the United States in terms of area, with its approximately 8000 km².
Point Barrow, the northernmost point in Alaska, at 71 ° 23 ‘N. It has a station for Arctic exploration.
Prudhoe Bay, oil and gas area on the north coast of Alaska (The North Slope). The first discovery was made in 1968, and it is assumed that the area contains more than 100 billion barrels of oil. A 1,300 km long pipeline leads the oil to shipping in Valdez on the south coast.
Sitka, a city in the state of Alaska in the USA, on Baranof Island west of Juneau. He houses, among other things, a naval base, and fishing and fish processing are important industries. The city was founded as Novo Arkhangelsk in 1804, and he was the capital of Alaska until 1900.