Cameroon History

By | January 9, 2023

Cameroon – national flag

Cameroon National Flag

Cameroon – National Flag, Flag of the three Pan-African colors, green, yellow and red, and with the French tricolor as pattern was adopted in 1957. When the British sector in the south in 1961 became part of the state of Cameroon, two yellow stars were inserted in the flag as expression of the two indigenous lands. In 1975, they were replaced by a single star as a symbol of national unity.

  • Countryaah: What does the flag of Cameroon look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.

Cameroon – history

According to a2zgov, Cameroon – history, Cameroon must have been part of early kingdoms whose existence is best known from legends, for example by the 400-year-old Saor kingdom. until the conquest of the kotokos in 1400-t. Pygmies and Bantu-speaking peoples immigrated and from 1000-t. Muslim fulani, who especially settled in the north. The Portuguese came to Cameroon for the first time in 1472 and established an extensive plantation and slave trade which lasted for more than 300 years. In 1884, Germany annexed Cameroon and began the construction of roads and railways and the construction of an education system. During World War I, French and British troops displaced the Germans from Cameroon, which in 1919 was divided into an eastern French and a western British territory, both of which became mandated territories from 1922.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in the world, such as CMR which represents the official name of Cameroon.

In French Cameroon, in 1948, the nationalist movement formed the UPC, which in vain sought to gain influence by legal means. Eight years later, the demand for national independence and reunification culminated in open rebellion in cities. In 1956, French Cameroon got its first local government, and in 1957 Ahmadou Ahidjo became head of government. The new government was banned from negotiating with the UPC, which continued its guerrilla war. On January 1, 1960, French Cameroon became independent with Ahidjo as the country’s first president.

In British Cameroon, John N. Foncha (1916-99) formed in 1955 the Cameroon National Democratic Party (KNDP), whose goal was reuniting with French Cameroon. British Cameroon, however, was politically divisive, and following a referendum in February 1961, northern British Cameroon joined Nigeria, while the south formed a federation with independent Cameroon. Ahidjo became President and Foncha Vice President. In 1966 all parties were forced together into the unity party, and in 1972 the federation of the United Republic of Cameroon was replaced. The two states had a common constitution, including great power to the president.

In 1982, “country father” Ahidjo volunteered and was succeeded by Prime Minister Paul Biya. A failed coup attempt against Biya in 1984 led to bloody fighting and mass executions; Ahidjo, who was in exile in France, was suspected of complicity in the coup attempt. Violent demonstrations in May 1990 demanding multi-party rule led Biya to grant concessions and liberalize political life, and in December of that year the multi-party system was introduced. At the October 1992 presidential election, Biya was declared the winner. Opposition candidate, Social Democrat John Fru Ndi, on the other hand, declared himself the winner. Since then Cameroon has been marked by considerable political turmoil.

Biya was re-elected president in 1997 and 2004. In recent years, there have been independence efforts in Cameroon’s two predominantly English-speaking provinces in the south, and a detachment movement has been declared illegal. In 2014, Cameroon sent troops to the Nigeria border as an action against Boko Haram guerrillas in the area.