England is a country with an impressive culture and has a large number of attractions to offer its visitors.
So you should definitely not miss the city of London. It is the capital of England and has many different attractions to offer, such as: B. historical monuments, a huge selection of restaurants, tourist attractions, art and culture.
Oxford and Cambridge are known to most of the people around the world, of course because of the famous universities located there. But both cities have other interesting sights to offer.
According to recipesinthebox, cities in England that are also worth visiting are Bath, Stratford-upon-Avon, York and Liverpool.
In England in particular there are a large number of different sacred buildings. The St. Paul’s Cathedral in London is definitely worth seeing. It is the main attraction of London and is considered a symbol of the city. As early as 604 there was a church on the site. But this was destroyed by fire in 1087. A new church had to be found quickly. The reconstruction still lasted until the fourteenth century. But this building was also damaged, this time by a lightning strike. Charles the Second could no longer look at the black stump and commissioned the architect Inigo Jones to renovate it. But this could not complete his work because of the civil war. The next architect to try his hand at St. Paul’s Cathedral was Christopher Wren. It took him thirty-five years to give the cathedral its current appearance.
But not only the exterior of the cathedral is an architectural masterpiece. There are some interesting things to see inside the sacred building. The dome room, the high altar or the choir room with its impressive ceiling frescoes are particularly impressive.
The Temple Church in London should also be seen among the London sights. It was built in the twelfth century by the Knights Templar to serve as the association’s headquarters. Tempel Church has an exciting history, including negotiations for the signing of the Magna Charta instead of. In the fourteenth century the Knights Templar were no longer welcomed, even persecuted, so that the Temple Church became the property of the royal family. After the handover, mainly law schools were housed in the sacred building. The Tempel Church suffered some damage in World War II and was almost completely destroyed. The damage can hardly be seen today because the church has been restored.
Westminster Abbey in London is the highlight of many tourists in England, because the British kings have been crowned and buried here for centuries. Because of this tradition, the Church is not denominational. The famous sacred building was built between 1045 and 1065 by Edward the Confessor. Almost two hundred years later, structural changes were made to Westminster Abbey so that it was given its current appearance in the early Gothic style. The two main towers were added five hundred years later by the architect Christopher Wren.
England also has other sacred buildings to offer, such as Canterbury Cathedral, Salisbury Cathedral, York Minster or St. Mary’s Abbey.
London is best known for its bridges that lead across the Thames. There are fifteen in the city alone. The best known is the Tower Bridge. The road bridge connects the City of London with the borough of Southwark.
Tower Bridge was built between 1886 and 1894 in neo-Gothic style. The neo-Gothic bascule bridge is 244 meters long. Its towers are 65 meters high. Tower Bridge is the symbol of London. Not far from the bridge is another attraction of the English city, namely the Tower of London.
England still has some interesting buildings to offer. There is also a long list of various museums and galleries in the country.
But in England there are not only buildings and cities to visit. The country also has some natural beauties to offer, such as Stonehenge, the Peak District, Exmoor National Park or the Isle of Wight.
England – arrival
Airplane: London is an international transport hub with numerous flights from all over the world. The most of worldwide largest airlines bring passengers to England. There are flights between England and almost every European capital. Inexpensive offers can usually be requested online from the various airlines.
Airports: London’s main international airports are Heathrow (LHR) and Gatwick (LGW). At Stansted (STN) and Luton(LTN) primarily land charter and cheaper flights. Stansted is one of the fastest growing European airports. London City Airport (LCY), on the other hand, specializes in business flights. Manchester Airport (MAN) is also important for travelers to England. There are also smaller regional airports such as Southampton and Birmingham.
Ship: the main ferry route between England and Ireland is that between Holyhead and Dun Laoghaire. There are numerous ferries between England and mainland Europe. These include the Dover-Calais or Boulogne (France), Harwich-Hook (Netherlands) routes, Hull-Zeebrugge (Belgium) and Hull- Rotterdam (Netherlands) and Portsmouth-Santander or Bilbao (Spain).
The main shipping companies operating ferries to and from England are Brittany Ferries, DFDS Seaways, Irish Ferries, Norfolkline, P&O Ferries, Speedferries, Stena Line and Transmanche. The ferry service between Newcastle and Bergen in Norway was discontinued in September 2008.
Rail: the Channel Tunnel enables a fast and direct rail connection between mainland Europe and England. The Eurostar high-speed train brings passengers several times a day within two or two and a half hours of Paris or Brussels to London. From London there are connections to numerous other English cities.
In addition to the Eurostar, there are other trains between England and the mainland. There are, for example, train connections between Amsterdam and London, via Hoek and Harwich. If you want to travel back and forth by train between England and Ireland, you can use a combined train and ferry service between Dublin and London via Dun Laoghaire and Holy Head. There are also train connections at the ferry ports of Pembroke and Rosslare or Fishguard in Wales.
Automobile: If you want to travel to England by car, you can also use the Eurotunnel between Calais and Folkstone. The transport trains run several times an hour.
Bus: England can be easily reached by long-distance bus from other European countries. The international bus network Eurolines connects a large number of cities with one another.