Gabon History

By | January 9, 2023

Gabon – national flag

Gabon National Flag

Gabon – national flag, The flag was officially adopted in 1960. The green color represents the country’s forests and the yellow and blue ribbons symbolize respectively. the equator and the Atlantic. Before independence from France, the yellow stripe was narrower and the flag had the French tricolor in the upper left corner.

  • Countryaah: What does the flag of Gabon look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.

Gabon – history

Gabon History, From Gabon’s earliest history, there are only a few archaeological traces. Perhaps pygmies from the south have been the first immigrants; about 1100-h. came Bantu people from the Southeast. The first to leave safe places are the captives who immigrated from Cameroon in the 1700’s.

The first Europeans were the Portuguese, who came to Gabon in 1472; they called the closed and inhospitable coast of Gabão (coat) and turned their attention to the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe off the coast. Later Dutch, French and English ships came in search of slaves and ivory. In the mid-1800’s. the slave trade went out, and the French established treaties with chiefs on the coast. In the fight against slavery, in 1849, a slave ship was hijacked off the Komoéf River; The slaves were set free and gave their settlement on the coast the name Libreville, the town of freedom. At the same time, the first missionaries came to the country. The most famous of them, Albert Schweitzer, worked in Gabon 1912-65 and received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts at the famous jungle hospital.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in the world, such as GAB which represents the official name of Gabon.

In 1910, Gabon became part of French Equatorial Africa, and for some years Libreville was the capital of the colony. The exploitation of the colony was entirely left to licensed companies and was carried out with extensive use of forced labor. In the following years, several local uprisings were wiped out while Gabon supplied the world market with tropical timber. By independence in 1960, Gabon was one of the least developed countries in Africa with an almost complete absence of roads, administration, health care, etc.

The mayor of Libreville, Léon M’Ba, had formed the first political party in 1950, and he became the country’s first president. With military support from de Gaulle, he retained power until his death in 1967. He was replaced by the current president, Omar Bongo, which in 1968 transformed the country into a one-party state. A 1993 attempt at multi-party elections ended with the president canceling the election results in half the constituencies. Since then various riots and opposition business have been put down; behind the development are clear French interests. Gabon has far more French residents in the 1990’s than at any time during the colonial period, most of the modern economy is in French hands, and the country’s uranium production is of vital importance to the French nuclear power sector. At the same time as a large debt to France was abandoned on several occasions, the first signs of multiparty government were seen when some opposition politicians were appointed ministerial posts in 1994.

According to a2zgov, Omar Bongo was re-elected President in 1998 and 2005; in 2003, a constitutional amendment was implemented that allows Bongo to run for as many presidential terms as he wants. However, the opposition has repeatedly accused Bongo of electoral fraud. However, Gabon has so far avoided much of the turmoil that has plagued neighboring countries. First and foremost, the oil has also made the country one of Africa’s richest per capita. resident. However, the high average prosperity covers enormous differences between the wealthy elite in the cities and the great poverty in the rural areas. Omar Bongo died in 2009; he was succeeded by son Ali Bongo Ondimb a; the presidential election led to severe unrest.