- Business Relationships
- Foreign direct investment
- FTAs and Treaties
- Development Cooperation
- Prospective fields of study (MOP)
Trade relations with the EU
The EU is the largest trading partner of the Maldives. The volume of trade exchange is not high. In 2021, it amounted to 22 million. EUR. The international trade balance is positive. The main export items were agricultural products and machinery. The Maldives has repeatedly called on the EU to negotiate a free trade agreement.
|Exports from the EU (million EUR)||172.2||201||204.3||113.2||167.7|
|Imports into the EU (million EUR)||64.2||65||73.6||61.3||55|
|Balance with the EU (million EUR)||-108||-136.1||-130.7||-51.9||-112.7|
Source: European Commission
Trade relations with the Czech Republic
Data for the balance of international trade for 2021 is not available.
|Exports from the Czech Republic (billion CZK)||0||0.2||0.2||0.2||ON|
|Imports to the Czech Republic (billion CZK)||0.1||0||0.1||0||ON|
|Balance with the Czech Republic (billion CZK)||0.1||-0.2||-0.1||-0.2||ON|
Trade relations with countries outside the EU
The largest export partners are Thailand, Sri Lanka, and the USA. The largest importers are the UAE, Singapore, China, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Thailand, China, and the USA.
|Exports from countries outside the EU (million EUR)||98.4||87.5||102.3||129.6||115.1|
|Imports to countries outside the EU (million EUR)||1,942.2||2,451.9||2,381.3||1,501.0||2,036.3|
|Balance with non-EU countries (million EUR)||-1,843.8||-2,364.4||-2,278.9||-1,371.4||-1,921.2|
Source: EIU, Eurostat
Foreign direct investment
The government seeks to attract more foreign investment, especially in infrastructure, energy, the hotel industry, transport, telecommunications services, water production and distribution, and the financial sector. Foreign investors can apply for project implementation through the Planning Council or directly through the Ministry of Economic Development, see www.trade.gov.mv.
The investment climate in the Maldives is one of the most accessible in Asia due to the simple tax system and the country’s openness to foreign investment, which is governed by Law No. 25/79 on Foreign Investment. The main fields suitable for investment are currently management and accounting, air transport, management of resorts and the manufacturing sector. The country attracts investors mainly for the following advantages:
- 0% personal and corporate income tax,
- the right to 100% foreign ownership, legally guaranteed investment securities,
- reserves for international arbitration disputes,
- long-term contractual guarantees and the possibility of long-term land leases,
- freedom to employ foreign management, technical staff and workers,
- no restrictions regarding foreign currency,
- no restrictions on repatriation of profits and earnings
For complete, clear information on the possibilities of foreign investment in the country, the government website is used: http://www.investmaldives.com/home.htm/
FTAs and treaties
Neither the Czech Republic nor the EU has yet concluded any agreement with the Maldives.
Development cooperation from the EU
Over the past few decades, EU support to the Maldives has focused mainly on the areas of climate change, countering terrorism and preventing violent extremism, strengthening local governance, reforming the judiciary, fighting corruption, building civil society capacity and empowering women.
The Maldives also benefited from aid in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Since 2009, the EU has supported climate change adaptation and mitigation in the Maldives.
A total of €10.5 million has been allocated to support the Government of the Maldives in developing and implementing its Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan. To continue and strengthen cooperation on climate change, the EU committed an additional €5 million in 2019 to support the government in implementing its nationally determined contributions. The European Investment Bank (EIB) has provided the government with a €45 million loan to support renewable energy projects.
In 2020, the EUR 3 million Prevention of Marine Litter in Lakshadweep Seas (PROMISE) project was launched to promote source-to-sea solutions to reduce marine litter along the coasts of the Maldives, Sri Lanka and India.
Development cooperation from the Czech Republic
In the past, the Czech Republic did not provide any form of development cooperation to the Maldives.
Prospective fields of study (MOP)
The Maldives is not included in the ILO.
Practical telephone numbers (emergency services, police, firemen, information lines, etc.)
Maldives code for international calls +960
Area code Malá +960 331, 2, 3
Dhiraag Mobile Phone Operator Area Codes – 78, 76, 79
Watanya Telecom – 96, 97, 98, 99
Emergency service – 102
Firefighters – 118
Important web links and contacts
http://www.presidencymaldives.gov.mv/ – President
http://www.trade.gov.mv/ – Ministry of Economic Development
http://www.investmaldives.org/ – government site on foreign investment
http://www.maldivesinfo.gov.mv/home/ – official website of the government
http://www.saarctenders.com/maldives-tenders.html – overview of SAARC tenders
http://www.mma.gov.mv/ – Monetary Office of the Government, Central Bank
http://www.mncci.org.mv/ – Chamber of Commerce and Industry
http://www.mse.com.mv/ – Maldives Stock Exchange