The Principality of Monaco is located in Southern Europe on the French Riviera near the Italian border. It is dated to the south Mediterranean Sea. The Monaco enclave is located in the French department of Alpes-Maritimes.
The oldest still ruling European Principality is divided into districts. Monaco-Ville is located on the rocky promontory. The port area is La Condaiminne. Monte Carlo is the cultural center of Monaco. From the heights of Tête de Chien and Mont Angel you can enjoy a wonderful view. Rocher and the Spélugues foothills border the marina. Monaco’s old town captivates with its medieval flair. All streets lead to the Place du Palais, which is home to the Prince’s Palace. One of the tourist highlights is the Palais du Prince with changing of the guard and a tour of the state rooms in Monaco-Ville.
Also worth seeing is the Jardin Exotique, a garden with exotic plants, a prehistoric grotto and a museum for prehistoric anthropology. The beach is in Monte Carlo Bord de Mer.
Even if you don’t suspect it at first glance, Monaco is one of the Alpine states and is also one of the states that have signed the Alpine Convention. The national alpine club is called Club Alpin Monegasque. This provides one or the other convenience for hikers. Because the newly created hiking trails were mainly implemented by the Alpine Association. Those who hike on these trails can hike through all eight Alpine states on one route. So you start in Monaco and finally arrive in Trieste (Italy).
One of the annual highlights in Monaco is the Monte Carlo International Circus Festival. Prince Albert of Monaco is the patron of the popular event, which not only gathers prominent spectators, but also the best artists in the world. The entire event is one of the most magical and magical that one can experience in the circus sector. Anyone who can be an artist has the chance to win the “Golden Clown”, who is considered the “Oscar” among circus people.
Monaco has a Mediterranean climate with mild, humid winters and hot, dry summers which are tempered by their proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. The average minimum temperature in January and February is 8 ° C, in July and August the average maximum temperature is between 24 and 26 ° C.
Best time to visit Monaco
Best for one vacation April / May and September to October are suitable in Monaco. In the summer it is in Monaco for travel quite hot. Visit healthvv.com for Monaco famous for its casino and formulas.
Monaco – key data
Area: 2 km²
Population: 30,539 (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: French 47%, Monegasque 16%,Italian 16%, other 21%
Population density: 15,270 residents per km²
Population growth: – 0.124% per year (2011, CIA)
Capital: Monaco (ThecountryMonaco is a city-state. Monaco-Ville only refers to the district in which the palace is located).
Highest point: on the southern slope of Mont Agel, 163 m
Lowest point: Mediterranean Sea, 0 m
Form of government: Monaco has been a parliamentary principality since 1962, the constitution dates from the same year. The Monegasque unicameral parliament consists of the Conseil National (National Council) with 24 members. France proposes a head of government who is then available for election. The head of government is under the authority of Prince Albert II. Monaco has been independent since 1489. Should the Grimaldi dynasty expire, Monaco will fall to France.
Administrative division: 10 districts: Monaco-Ville, Monte Carlo / Spélugues (Bd. Des Moulins-Av. De la Madone), La Rousse / Saint Roman (Annonciade-Château Périgord), Larvotto / Bas Moulins (Larvotto-Bd Psse Grace), Saint Michel (Psse Charlotte-Park Palace), Condamine, La Colle (Plati-Pasteur-Bd Charles III), Les Révoires (Hector Otto-Honoré Labande), Moneghetti / Bd de Belgique (Bd Rainier III-Bd de Belgique) and Fontvieille.
Head of State: Prince Albert II, since April 6, 2005
Head of Government: Minister of State Michel Roger, since March 29, 2010
Language: The official language in Monaco is French. Colloquial languages are English and Italian. Monegasque is spoken very little.
Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, Protestants 6%, Others (including Orthodox and Jews) 4%.
Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October there is summer time in Monaco (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe in both winter and summer 0 h.
International phone code: +377
Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz
The Principality of Monaco is a state in Western Europe and is located on the Mediterranean coast. Monaco is surrounded by the French Alpes-Maritimes department on the land side. The principality lies between the city Nicein the west and meets the French-Italian border in the east.
The national territory of Monaco is about three kilometers long and between 200 and 500 meters wide. The total area of the principality is 197 hectares, after it could be enlarged with around 40 hectares through land reclamation from the sea. After the Vatican State, Monaco ranks second among the smallest states in the world; on the other hand, the small principality has the highest population density after Singapore with 16,600 residents per square kilometer.
Monaco is made up of three settlements merged into one municipality: Monte Carlo with the casino founded in 1863 and the congress center, La Condamine with the commercial and marina as well as the capital Monaco.
The highest point of the national territory is on the Chemin des Revoires in the west of the country; after all, it towers above sea level by 163 meters. The narrow coast ofMonaco is a little over four kilometers long.
Monaco – how to get there
Trains in Monaco’s Central Station entering or exiting it are operated by the French state railway SNCF. A train ride along the coast offers fascinating views of the Mediterranean Sea and the mountains. There are regular train connections toNice(approx. 25 minutes drive), in the east to Menton (approx. 10 minutes drive) and to Ventimiglia, the first city on the other side of the Italian border. The journey takes around 25 minutes.
Car: in Monaco there are approximately chargeable parking spaces that are scattered around the entire principality. One of the most convenient parking spaces is that of the casino. It is in the immediate vicinity of the tourist information office. If you want to travel with your own car, you should note that it is not possible to enter Monaco-Ville without a Monaco or Alpes-Maritimes license plate (06).
Buses to France run regularly from various stops around the city. Tickets and timetables are available from the tourist information office.
Monaco – traveling in the country
Bus: several bus routes cross Monaco. Line no. 4 connects the train station with the tourist office.
Driving a taxi in Monaco is quite expensive.
Monaco – Sights
The small kingdom of Monaco, despite its small size, has some interesting things to offer to its visitors.
The pilgrimage church of Sainte Devote should not be missed.Worth seeingis also the Monte Carlo train station, which is considered to be one of the most modern in the world.
It is also worth a visit to new dike of the country. The three hundred and fifty meter long pier on the water has almost doubled the port since 2002.
You shouldn’t miss out on the sculpture path in Fontvielle. There are numerous works by various international artists to be viewed here.
The Musee Oceanographique is something special. Its director was the famous marine scientist Jean Cocteau for more than thirty years. Another area that the Oceanographic Museum is used in is marine research.
The Musee Napoleon is also worth seeing. There are numerous Napoleonic souvenirs and some exhibits from Monegasque history to be seen in the museum.
You should definitely not miss a visit to the Historical des Princes de Monaco. In the wax museum you can see the wax copies of some famous personalities.
The detour to the Museum of Prehistoric Anthropology can also be interesting. Even the zoological garden of Monaco will certainly not be boring.
The absolute highlight of the country is the Musee national. Various mechanical toys, slot machines and dolls can be seen here.
The Monte Carlo Casino is particularly popular. The building was constructed in 1878 by Charles Garnier. But here you can not only try your luck while playing. The casino building also houses the casino cabaret and the splendid Salle Garnier opera house.
The Palais du Prince in Monaco Ville is really impressive. Tourists can visit the palace’s state rooms from June to September every year. The magnificent castle was built with the remaining stones of a medieval fortress from the sixteenth century. A large-scale ceremony of the changing of the guard takes place on Schlossplatz every day shortly before twelve noon.
Monaco has some interesting parks to offer, such as the Jardin Exotique. There are many exotic plants and a prehistoric grotto with stalagmites and stalactites.
You should also have seen the Japanese garden or the rose garden. In the rose garden you can see up to 168 different types of rose.