Casablanca

Salé

Salé [sa le], Arabic Sala, Sla, city in Morocco with (2019) 978 000 residents.

Northern neighboring city of the Moroccan capital Rabat and the administrative seat of the Salé prefecture.

Tangier

Tangier, port and trading city in Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar, with (2019) 1.1 million residents.

Tourism is of particular importance. In the walled old town (medina) are the Great Mosque (17th century) and the former sultan’s palace (from 17th century); after 1906 the new town came into being.

Tangier, the Roman Tingis, was successively Portuguese, Spanish and British from the 15th to the 17th centuries; In 1684 the Sultan of Morocco brought it under his rule. In 1912 the city and its surrounding area became an international zone (it was occupied by Spain from 1940-45), and in 1956 it came back to Morocco.

Casablanca

According to Neovideogames, Casablanca is the largest city in Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean, with (2019) 3.53 million residents. Casablanca is the main hub of Moroccan industry; the port is one of the largest trading ports in Africa.

Casablanca, Arabic Dar el-Beida, largest city and economic center of Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean, (2019) 3.53 million residents; Administrative seat of the prefecture of the same name and the Grand Casablanca Settat region.

University (founded in 1976), art school, conservatory. Casablanca is the main location of the Moroccan industry: metallurgical and chemical industry, shipbuilding, car assembly, manufacture of car tires, canned food, sugar, tobacco products, textiles, furniture, paper, cement; Media industry, information technology, financial center. The port is one of the largest trading ports in Africa; Almost half of the Moroccan port turnover goes through him ( Jorf Lasfar serves to relieve him); Fishing port; Railway lines to Marrakech and Rabat; international Airport.

Cityscape

The modern European city and new Arab residential quarters as well as bidonvilles stretch around the Arab medina, while the new medina, built in 1923 by the French colonial administration, is located in the southeast. The Great Mosque Hassan II, built in neo-Moorish style, was inaugurated in 1993. The entire complex (with baths, library, Koran school about 40,000 m 2) is surmounted by a 200 m high minaret; the 20,000 m 2 prayer room (splendid decor) is one of the largest in the world and can accommodate over 20,000 worshipers.

History

Casablanca, probably founded as Anfa in the 13th century, developed into a pirate’s nest and was destroyed by the Portuguese in 1468 and 1515, occupied by them in 1575 and rebuilt (Casa branca). In 1757 Casablanca came into possession of the Sultan of Morocco, in 1907 it was occupied by France, and from 1912–56 it belonged to French Morocco.

At the Casablanca Conference (January 14–26, 1943) President F. D. Roosevelt (USA) and Prime Minister W. Churchill (Great Britain) discussed questions of coordinating their warfare against the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan), especially their Mediterranean strategy as well as their sea and air warfare. They also tried to mediate between the rival leaders of the French resistance movement, Generals C. de Gaulle and H. H. Giraud. At Roosevelt’s suggestionBoth conference participants announced on January 24, 1943 the demand for an unconditional surrender of the Axis powers. Any negotiation, even with a “post-Hitler government”, should be ruled out. In the event of a victory, both of them tried to keep their countries completely free with regard to the vanquished.

Casablanca