Qatar – national flag
The flag in its current form has been in use since approximately 1949. Like other flags of the Persian Gulf countries, it was originally red (in use from 1855). In 1949, the red color was replaced by a chestnut brown, a color obtained when a red dye is exposed to sunlight. Colors and proportions became official at independence in 1971.
- Countryaah: What does the flag of Qatar look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Qatar – prehistory
As the first Danish archaeologists explored the Stone Age of Qatar 1956-65. The oldest finds are from approximately 7500-5500 BC and consists of split arrows of flint such as those known in Syria and Jordan from the pre-Ceramic Neolithic. From approximately 5500- 4000 BC a growing population has subsisted on hunting, fishing, gathering and keeping cattle. From that time there is evidence of extensive manufacture of flint tools, beautifully flattened arrowheads. Finds of Ubaid pottery testify to connections with Mesopotamia around 4000 BC. Of Qatar’s many burial mounds, the oldest probably date from the beginning of 3000 BC, while others contain burials from the late Bronze Age – early Iron Age. Rock carvings with ship figures occur especially on the Jebel Jusasijah to the north. Fishing has played a major role throughout most of prehistoric times. Pearl fishing was probably practiced already from approximately 2000 BC, and from 1450-1200 BC. has been known for the extraction of purple by sea snails. Urbanization can be traced back to before the birth of Christ. From 650 AD and up through Islamic times, trade, shipping, and pearl fishing played an increasing role for the urban communities on the north and east coasts of the peninsula.
- AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in the world, such as QAT which represents the official name of Qatar.
Qatar – history
According to a2zgov, Qatar has throughout history been dominated by various tribes who immigrated to the area from the interior of the Arabian Peninsula. In the mid-1700’s. al-Khalifa secured control of the area, but their control was challenged at the end of the century by the al-Thani family, who since the early 1800’s. politically has controlled the area. Around the same time, Britain began to play a significant role in the area’s political development; formally, however, Qatar belonged to the Ottoman Empire 1871-1913. In 1916, Britain and the al-Thani family entered into an agreement in which Britain guaranteed the borders of Qatar, in exchange for the family agreeing not to allow others to interfere in the internal development of the area. In 1960, Britain supported a coup led by Ahmad ibn Ali al-Thani (1917-77), who ruled until 1972. The country became a member of OPEC in 1961 and in 1970 of OAPEC. After negotiations with Britain, Sheikh Ahmad secured full independence from Qatar in 1971, but in 1972 he was overthrown in a bloodless coup, planned and carried out by Khalifa ibn Hamad al-Thani (b. 1932), who in 1995 himself was deposed by a coup, carried out by his son Hamad ibn Khalifa al-Thani (b. 1950). He resigned in 2013 in favor of his son, Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani (b. 1980).
Qatar co-founded the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in 1981 and, like the other Arab Gulf states, supported Iraq in the 1980-88 war with Iran, and with the other GCCs participated in the international alliance created after Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait. in August 1990. Hamad ibn Khalifa had proposed changes to the political system, and in 1999 local elections were held in which both men and women had the right to vote. A constitution adopted by a referendum in 2003 calls for the establishment of a parliament of 45 members, of which 30 are to be elected by direct election, while the remaining 15 are to be appointed by the emir. However, the election has been postponed indefinitely.
Qatar has actively supported the oppositions in Libya and Syria, and it is claimed that Qataris support Islamist movements such as ISIS. However, the country is participating in the military coalition against ISIS. In 2010, Qatar was awarded the hosting of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. The election was controversial and led to allegations of corruption. Qatar has been criticized for using cheap labor, especially from India, Pakistan and Nepal, which live in miserable conditions. Not least the infrastructure workers in connection with the World Cup have come into the spotlight.