South Sudan History

By | January 9, 2023

National Flag

South Sudan Flag

The flag was adopted in connection with independence in 2011. It was originally the flagship movement SPLM’s flag, which was used during the struggle for independence.

  • Countryaah: What does the flag of South Sudan look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.

The colors of the flag are symbols of the following: Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs who died during the struggle for independence, the white peace, the blue Nile’s life-giving water, and green symbolizing the country’s natural resources. Finally, the yellow star must show the way forward for the country.


In 1956, Sudan gained independence, but already at that time there were riots in the southern part of the country when Arab-Muslim domination of the northern area was feared. It evolved into a civil war that only ended in 1972, when South Sudan gained partial autonomy.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in the world, such as SSPS which represents the official name of South Sudan.

However, in the early 1980’s, a new civil war, the Second Sudanese Civil War, came after the National Islamic Front gained more influence and Sharia (Islamic law) was introduced in 1983. The rebel movement SPLM seized weapons and in 1989 had gained control of most of South Sudan. The protracted civil war became unusually bloody, costing approximately 2 million people life and drive approximately 4 million on the run.

In 2002, peace talks began with the rebel movement. In 2005, a peace agreement was signed which guaranteed South Sudan’s extensive autonomy and the right to hold a referendum on a possible detachment after six years. At the election commenced on 9 January 2011 approximately 99% for a detachment from Sudan. Exactly six months later, South Sudan was declared independent at a large-scale ceremony in the new capital of Juba. At the same time, Salva Kiir, the leader of the SPLM, was sworn in as the country’s first president.

In 2012, outbreaks erupted at the border with Sudan. rich oil fields. In septemper so. agreements were reached between the two countries on oil exports and the establishment of a demilitarized zone along the border. In late 2013, it came to new riots when Riek Machar was dismissed as vice president and then initiated a riot against President Salva Kiir. There are about 1 million. internally displaced and approximately 400,000 have left the country because of the conflict; up to 100,000 have been killed (2015).