Swaziland – state flag
Swaziland – State Flag, The flag was officially adopted in 1967 and is based on the flag that King Sobhuza II gave to the Emasotar Regiment under the “Swazi Pioneer Corps” in 1941. High red stands for the battles of the past, yellow for mineral riches, blue for peace. The flag bears the regiment’s ox-skin shield in front of the spear and stage with a shower of feathers from widows and turakos.
- Countryaah: What does the flag of Swaziland look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.
Swaziland – history
According to a2zgov, n the area more than 200,000 years old stone tools have been found. Bantu-speaking groups (including nguni and sotho) immigrated around the birth of Christ, but the Swazi state cannot be traced back as far back as the 1700’s. Sobhuza 1. (c. 1785-1836) consolidated the kingdom and assembled a coalition of Nguni and Sotho clans who could withstand the pressure from the south, where Shaka was gathering the Zulu kingdom (see Mfecane). Sobhuza’s son Mswati (c. 1820-68), who made a name for the kingdom, initiated a series of wars with the Transvaal Boer Republic, which from the mid-1800’s. annexed parts of Swaziland from the west. At the same time, the British of the royal house purchased land and subsoil rights; when Swaziland became a British colony in 1906, was 2/3 of the land owned by whites. The royal house achieved great prosperity during the 1900’s. and invested large sums in the education system in particular, while white earnings were rarely reinvested in the country.
- AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in the world, such as SWZ which represents the official name of Swaziland.
Swaziland gained formal independence in 1968 as a constitutional monarchy. In 1973, Sobhuza abolished the 2nd Constitution in favor of a traditionalist system, and he reigned almost unequivocally until his death in 1982. Following an intriguing interregnum, 18-year-old Mswati was crowned 3rd in 1986. In the 1990’s, he initiated cautious political reforms. which, however, did not satisfy the growing democracy movement with the unions at the forefront. Later, politics became more conservative. Political tensions increased because the government and the king opposed democratic reforms and maintained a monarchy. Strengthening the security police and the introduction of new laws on opposition politics have diminished the prospect of reforms.
In 2005, the king signed a new constitution which broadly affirmed the absolute power of the monarchy. Oppression and government control of the media have weakened the opposition. The King’s extravagant lifestyle with the purchase of expensive cars and houses for his 15 wives (2015) has attracted attention. There have since been several demonstrations for more economy and demands for political reform, but criticism has been turned down.