Angola Transport and Communications

Angola Transport

Communications are still scarce and difficult. At the end of 1927, 1,852 km were in operation. of railways, divided between the following sections: a) of Loanda, or Trans-African Railway, of the Companhia do Caminho de Ferro: from Malange to Xissa, length 445 km., gauge 1 m. It was decided to extend it up to Cassange; b) from Loanda to Calumbo, 30 km., gauge i m.; c) Golungo Alto line, km.…

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Between Past and Future: the Chinese Dream

the Chinese Dream

The second decade of the 21st century. it began in China on the traces of historical memory: centenary of the 1911 Revolution which put an end to the millennial imperial system; centenary of the birth of China republican (1912); 90th anniversary of the founding of the CCP (1921); 110th anniversary of the Protocol which put an end to the Boxer insurrection and inflicted one of the greatest humiliations in modern…

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China Openings to the Market Economy and Political Repression

China Openings to the Market Economy

In 1980, China joined the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Now firmly in power, the new Chinese leadership, moderate, technocratic and efficient, accentuated the policy of modernization and promotion of the country’s economic growth and extended the measures of liberalization and opening up the economy to foreign countries. In the international field, the aspiration to the complete reunification of the Chinese territory by the end of the century…

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China – The New Constitution

China - The New Constitution

The new constitution of the Chinese republic was approved by the national assembly (Kuo Min Ta Hui) on December 25, 1946 and promulgated by the national government of Nanjing on January 1, 1947, becoming effective on December 25, 1947, pending its real existence as soon as the China’s political conditions will allow it. According to CANCERMATTERS, the precedents of the constitution must be traced back to the period of political…

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China After 1989 Part VI

China After 1989 6

Not wanting to jeopardize relations with his main contact in matters of foreign investment and exports with a scandal, on October 28, 1997 Jiang Zemin, the first Chinese leader since 1985to go to Washington, he made a long trip to the United States, to reaffirm the existence of more than positive relations between the two countries. On his return home, armed with Clinton’s commitment to improve Sino-American relations and to…

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China After 1989 Part V

China After 1989 5

A first point was identified in the need to conduct political action within the framework of the certainty of the law; also on the basis of this assumption, the Assembly discussed a new text of the law on State security, a text which essentially proposed to cancel the term from the penal code A first point was identified in the need to conduct political action within the framework of the…

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China After 1989 Part IV

China After 1989 4

According to ANIMALERTS, the situation in Hong Kong also appeared delicate. In February 1994 the new governor Ch. Patten (who took over from D. Wilson in July 1992) had succeeded in passing an electoral law which effectively introduced universal suffrage in the colony; this law posed a very real threat to Chinese interests. On September 17, 1995, elections were held for the renewal of the Legislative Council, and the Democrats…

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China After 1989 Part III

China After 1989 3

However, the US-China opposition was unable to fully break free. When, on December 15, the new GATT (General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs) was stipulated, China was excluded from it precisely by American will, with the reason for the inadequacy of the Chinese economic system with respect to the parameters required by the international organization. This negative situation, together with runaway inflation, due to excess growth, which in some provinces…

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China After 1989 Part II

China After 1989 2

The so-called ‘double track’ policy (initially promoting the enrichment of the coastal provinces and thinking of those in the interior only after the economic strengthening of the former), which prevailed throughout the 1980s, began to show all its defects.: unemployment grew in the countryside, arable areas were visibly decreasing due to increasing urbanization, a widespread phenomenon of corruption among party cadres made life difficult and precarious for many rural businesses.…

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China After 1989 Part I

China After 1989 1

After the events of 1989, the political history of the People’s Republic of China developed around three fundamental themes: economic development, international relations and the political role of the Communist Party in a constantly evolving internal context. In the aftermath of the Tien An Men square massacre, and even more so during the autumn-winter of 1989with the collapse of the communist regimes in Eastern Europe, much of the international public…

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Exchange Study in China

China

China covers a huge area, and is the world’s third largest country after Russia and Canada. It houses the world’s largest population, namely one – fifth of humanity. Therefore, it is difficult to find something that could not fit China, and China is full of contradictions. It is both densely populated inside the cities, and sparsely populated outside in the rural areas. The Chinese are one people, but the government…

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HONG KONG ATTRACTIONS

FLIGHTS, ACCOMMODATION AND MOVEMENT IN HONG KONG

FLIGHTS, ACCOMMODATION AND MOVEMENT IN HONG KONG Getting around Hong Kong is facilitated by efficient public transport. By direct flight from Helsinki Air connections to Hong Kong are excellent as a long-haul destination. Finnair operates daily between Helsinki and Hong Kong. The price for round trips is usually 800 – 1,200 euros and the journey takes ten hours. During the holidays and during the busiest holiday seasons, flight prices to…

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