How to Get Around Italy

How to Get Around Italy

By train By train, you will have to get to Italy with at least two transfers in neighboring European countries, because. There are no direct rail flights from Russia. The journey takes more than 3 days. By plane The most acceptable way to get to Italy from Russia is by plane. Direct regular flights to the country are possible from the airports of Moscow and St. Petersburg. This flight option…

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The Italy Policy of Modernizing the Financial System

The Italy Policy of Modernizing the Financial System

The policy of modernizing the financial system Since the mid-eighties, also under the pressure of international integration (in particular of the European one), the modernization of the Italian financial system had begun, which had been delayed from various points of view: relative closure to international transactions; limited services offered; dominance of a banking intermediation characterized by little competition and extensive public ownership. In the banking system, the traditional segmentation into…

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Italy Public Budget Policy

Italy Public Budget Policy

Public budget policy In the 1980s, the basic imbalance of Italian public finance, as it had emerged in the previous decade, had shown an alarming worsening. In the nineties, the rebalancing action began, at first uncertain, then more decisive and effective. The primary balance turned positive in 1991. A first primary surplus of some consistency (almost 2 % of GDP) it was obtained in 1992 (Tab. 9). That result was…

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Trends in the Italian Economy at the End of the 20th Century

Trends in the Italian Economy

In the final decade of 20Century the evolution of the Italian economy, and the policies implemented to guide its development, have been directed, albeit with bumpy paths, to the rebalancing and rehabilitation of the imbalances inherited from the previous two decades. The 1990s began with a slowdown in economic growth, a bent but not eradicated inflation, a growing imbalance in external accounts and, above all, a rise in public debt…

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The Kingdom of Italy – Fifteen Years of Fruitful Work Part II

The Kingdom of Italy 1

There was practically a positive improvement in the Roman question, from which the pontificate of Pius X (1903-1913) removed the harshness of the rigid temporal demands, but the intervention of Catholics at the polls was felt by Giolitti more as a useful ingredient in parliamentary alchemy. (Gentiloni pact of 1913), which as the sign of a fruitful transformation of good. The ambiguity presented by domestic politics was less sensitive in…

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The Kingdom of Italy – Fifteen Years of Fruitful Work Part I

The Kingdom of Italy 1

“Au moment où je ne sais that soufle révolutionnaire passe de nouveau sur l’Italie et menace d’ébranler, non pas l’unité italienne, mais la monarchie piémontaise”, had written since 1895 on the uneasy eve of a foreign historian, P. Gaffarel, interpreting the doubt of most about the Italian internal situation. And the nefarious attempt seemed to prove him right. What days would he live, what trials would this country without balance and without…

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History of the Italian Language Part III

History of the Italian Language 3

Words from other sources In addition to the Latin heritage, the Italian lexicon has a number of terms from other sources. A number of words became part of the Latin lexicon as a cultural loan (Greek words like simphonya from which zampogna, Celtic words like carrus, osco-umbre like bufalus) or survived in their respective territories when Latin spread to Italy and was accepted from alloglot peoples (a few words from…

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History of the Italian Language Part II

History of the Italian Language 2

In the seventeenth century, more relevant than the stylistic virtuosity of the marinists, were the consolidation of the use and the beginning of new terminologies in the field of experimental sciences. In the eighteenth century the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, and later the Napoleonic campaigns and the reorganization of Italy under the French aegis they opened the doors to imitation from beyond the Alps, with notable consequences on the lexicon…

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History of the Italian Language Part I

History of the Italian Language 1

According to remzfamily, a common national language has been achieved through a centuries-old process. In the early Middle Ages, the various languages ​​had to be less distant from Latin, but in other respects even more different from each other than they are today. Latin was used as a common written language, which clerics learned in schools. The first examples of sentences written in the vernacular are the formulas contained in…

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Italy Sculpture Part III

Italy Sculpture 3

With L. Fontana (1899-1968) already around 1930 the path of resolutely abstract sculpture is outlined. His “spatialism”, traced back to the dynamic-plastic intuitions of the futurists and to the origins of the problem of light as M. Rosso had set up, ends up leaving behind any distinction, however tenuous between an architectural work and a painted or sculpted work, for an interpretation of the space that we could already say…

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Italy Sculpture Part II

Italy Sculpture 2

According to iamhigher, Mirko has recourse to many examples of ancient Western and Eastern civilizations – whose styles are stolen and mixed in the service of a mythography, which deliberately traces backwards, and according to the present, the journey of humanity, in trace of its origins – (M. Basaldella, 1910-1969) giving us a version of the taste of primitives aware of the problems of man and his risky loss of…

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Italy Sculpture Part I

Italy Sculpture 1

According to holidaysort, the proposals, multiple and even contradictory, by A. Martini; the conspicuously futuristic hypotheses of L. Fontana; the rediscovery of M. Rosso (the “visual memory”, the value of the shadow, the “state of mind” instead of nature) and the questioning of futurism influence the path of sculpture, which has similar developments to those of painting, with exceptional vivacity and variety of forms (which in fact acquired it an…

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The Normans in Southern Italy and in the Framework of Italian Politics Part III

The Normans in Southern Italy 3

The Normans for their part, after having acquired fame and credit by victoriously fighting Leo IX, another major, acquired the recognition and, for the moment, the friendship of the successor, improving their relations with the bishops and with the powerful Montecassino. They could now present themselves as invested with a religious mission against the infidels. The fact was beginning to change into law and the right to penetrate the conscience of the…

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The Normans in Southern Italy and in the Framework of Italian Politics Part II

The Normans in Southern Italy 2

Beside him was Ildebrando da Soana, the future Gregory VII. The papacy seemed completely revived by the ancient church consciousness, by the concept of the absolute Roman primacy over the whole Church and of the superiority of religious power over political power. Thus the reform initiative passed from the hands of the emperor to those of the pope, albeit without opposition from the emperor, but of course, against that political-juridical situation that the…

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The Normans in Southern Italy and in the Framework of Italian Politics Part I

The Normans in Southern Italy 1

In 1046 Henry III came to Italy. Serious problems were under discussion, especially of a political-ecclesiastical nature. Alongside and in the face of the prince’s good reform intentions, there is a growing desire to reform within the Church, between regular and secular clergy. Having taken the imperial crown in Rome, Henry III continued on to the south. And here, first he took Capua from the prince of Salerno, returning it for money to the…

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Solidarity between the Papacy and the Empire Part III

Solidarity between the Papacy and the Empire 2

And he succeeded in having his cousin Brunone of Carinthia elected, Gregory V: the first German to occupy the papal throne, at a time when Germany was accentuating its orientation towards Italy, moving its center towards Italy. And from him, shortly after, Otto had the imperial crown in Rome; together with him he tried to give the city an administration that would ensure respect for the rights of the pope and the emperor. Since…

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Solidarity between the Papacy and the Empire Part II

Solidarity between the Papacy and the Empire 2

In short, royal Italy and pontifical Italy, close together in the unity of command. There remains that other Italy that Lombards, Greeks, Islam, free cities contend with each other. He had been here, between sec. IX and X, a promising beginning of Byzantine restoration. Growing importance of Basilian monasticism, especially on the Aspromonte. Then, with the third and fourth decade of the century, a new crisis of imperial power following the Apulian and Calabrian insurrections,…

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Solidarity between the Papacy and the Empire Part I

Solidarity between the Papacy and the Empire 1

This policy of kings comes to full maturity in the second half of the twentieth century, through the work of foreigners, you want the de facto substitution of bishops for the counts to be now more advanced, you want the reasons and advantages of preferring bishops to lay accounts in the government of the city and of the Italian committees, are, for distant kings, greater than for kings having their…

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The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy Part III

The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy 3

Cavour, when he returned to power in January 1960, and was completely absorbed by that unified national movement, was immediately able to treasure this Anglo-French antagonism on the Italian question. Napoleon III then abandons the designs conceived since Plombières, and seeks to have compensation. In order to have Nice, as well as Savoy, he was not interested in the fate of central Italy, which united with the plebiscites in Piedmont. The unitary national…

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The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy Part II

The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy 2

Simultaneously with this political action by Cavour, from the Crimean war to the alliance with France, a movement of public opinion takes place in Italy which is increasingly oriented towards the monarchy with a unitary program. The very sacrifice of Carlo Alberto in Novara, which had brought the monarchy and revolution closer together, the loyal Italian conduct of Vittorio Emanuele II, which drew many of the revolutionaries into the orbit of…

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The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy Part I

The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy 1

Austria in the Lombardy-Venetia could only stand with the state of siege that lasted until 1856, harshly treating the nobility and the bourgeoisie, inciting the people of the countryside against them, hanging the patriots. All social classes are represented among the victims: from the priest Don Enrico Tazzoli and the Veronese nobleman Carlo Montanari to the Milanese populace A. Sciesa: Italy penetrated the consciousness of the different classes of the nation. In…

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