Turkey Dictionary of History

Turkey Islam

The birth of modern Turkey. After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War and the detachment of all Arab territories (➔ Ottoman, empire), the Entente powers placed Istanbul under their protection, occupying some parts of properly Turkish territory. The rebellion of sectors of the army strengthened after the Greek invasion of Smyrna (1919), while the sultan accepted the harsh conditions of the Treaty of Sèvres. Led…

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Turkey Children and School

Turkey Children

Elementary and middle school In Turkey there is a compulsory education of eight years for all children. A child’s school career begins with five years of elementary school, followed by three years in middle school. During this mandatory period, children can go to school free of charge, but families have to pay for equipment such as school uniforms and books. The children then receive a diploma with which they can…

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