Vatican City History

By | January 8, 2023

Vatican City State – National Flag

Vatican City National Flag

The flag was officially hoisted in 1929. Yellow and white, which in heraldry denote gold and silver, are the colors of St. Peter’s keys; they were elected in 1808 as the colors of the Church State. The colors originated from the papal cockades, which had previously been red and yellow. Red is the color of the Roman Church. The papal insignia, crossed keys and tiara, date from the 1300’s.

  • Countryaah: What does the flag of Vatican look like? Follow this link, then you will see the image in PNG format and flag meaning description about this country.

Vatican City State – Mass Media

The Vatican’s official daily is the Italian-language L’Osservatore Romano, founded in 1861; weekly issues come in other languages. The newspaper expresses the official views of the Vatican.

The Vatican’s radio station, founded in 1931 by the Jesuit order, broadcasts news and religious programs in 34 languages.

  • AbbreviationFinder: Check three-letter abbreviation for each country in the world, such as VAT which represents the official name of Vatican.

The Vatican has its own press service.

Vatican City State – History

When Rome became the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy in 1870, the Church State ceased to exist. As early as 1871, the new Italian state sought to formalize the church’s new, reduced status with the so-called Legge delle Guarentigie ‘Guarantee Act’, which recognized the inviolability of the pope and the right of disposal over St. Peter’s Church with adjoining palaces, the Lateran and the summer residence of Castel Gandolfo. Pius IX refused to sign, which, however, did not prevent the Italian State from implementing a unilateral recognition until relations were normalized with the conclusion of the Lateran 1929 and the formal establishment of the Vatican City State. The settlement gave the Vatican City some privileges over Italy, which in the aftermath of World War II resulted in close ties with the party Democrazia Cristiana. With the revision of the settlement in 1984, the influence on political and cultural life was toned down when Catholicism ceased to be the state religion, see Italy (religion).